Die Ssabier Und Der Ssabismus – Volume 2 PDF

Jump to navigation Jump die Ssabier Und Der Ssabismus – Volume 2 PDF search „Carrhae“ redirects here. For the battle, see Battle of Carrhae.


Författare: Daniil Avraamovich Chwolson.

A comprehensive study of a mysterious Middle Eastern community during the early Islamic period, including texts and translations.

Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, Turkey, 44 kilometers southeast of Şanlıurfa. From these, it is known that an early king or mayor of Harran had married an Eblaite princess, Zugalum, who then became „queen of Harran“, and whose name appears in a number of documents. Royal letters from the city of Mari on the middle of the Euphrates, have confirmed that the area around the Balikh river remained occupied in c. A confederation of semi-nomadic tribes was especially active around the region near Harran at that time. Ruins of the University at Harran.

It was one of the main Ayyubid buildings of the city, built in the classical revival style. By the 20th century BCE, Harran was established as a merchant outpost of the Assyrian Empire due to its ideal location. The community, well established before then, was situated along a trade route between the Mediterranean and the plains of the middle Tigris. According to Roman authors such as Pliny the Elder, even through the classical period, Harran maintained an important position in the economic life of Assyria. In its prime Harran was a major Assyrian city which controlled the point where the road from Damascus joins the highway between Nineveh and Carchemish. This location gave Harran strategic value from an early date.

Because Harran had an abundance of goods that passed through its region, it became a target for raids. This section does not cite any sources. In the 13th century BCE, Assyrian king Adad-Nirari I reported that he conquered the „fortress of Kharani“ and annexed it as a province. 10th-century BCE inscriptions reveal that Harran had some privileges of fiscal exemption and freedom from certain forms of military obligations. It had even been termed as the „free city of Harran“.